Dangerous traditions

The name Canada is derived from the Iroquoian word kanata, which means village. Canada is located in the northern portion of the continent of North America, extending, in general, from the 49th parallel northward to the islands of the Arctic Ocean. Its eastern and western boundaries are the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans respectively.

Dangerous traditions

Description[ edit ] The ripped and tattered Fairy Flag, photographed sometime before In the 19th century, the writer Rev. Norman Macleod — [note 1] recalled seeing the Fairy Flag during his childhood around see relevant section below. He described the flag as then having crosses wrought in gold thread, and several "elf spots" stitched upon it.

Macleod recollected that when the flag was examined, bits were taken off it from time to time; so much so, that later in his life he did not believe the flag still existed. One of several items he mentioned seeing was the Fairy Flag.

Dangerous traditions

Scott described it as "a pennon of silk, with something like round red rowan -berries wrought upon it". He considered the flag to have originally been much larger; and remarked on its extreme fragility and the requirement for careful handling, if it should be handled at all.

MacLeod also observed that several tears in the flag had been carefully mended. Wace of the Victoria and Albert Museum[3] who concluded that the silk was woven in either Syria or Rhodesand the darns were made in the Near East.

It was his opinion that the flag, in its original state, would have been quite precious, possibly a relic like the shirt of a saint. The belief at the time of this examination was the MacLeods were descended from Harald Hardradawho spent some time in Constantinople in the 11th century.

In line with this belief, it was suggested that the flag may have passed from Harald Hardrada down to the eponymous ancestor of the clan— Leod. InThomas Pennant made a tour of the Hebrides and later published an account of his travels. According to Pennant, the flag was named "Braolauch shi", and was given to the MacLeods by Titania the " Ben-shi ", wife of Oberonking of the fairies.

Titania blessed the flag with powers which would manifest when the flag was unfurled three times. On the third time, the flag and flag-bearer would be carried off by an invisible being, never to be seen again.

The family of "Clan y Faitter" had the task of bearing the flag, and in return for their services, they possessed free lands in Bracadale. Pennant related how the flag had already been produced three times. The first occasion was in an unequal battle between the MacLeods and the Macdonalds of Clanranald.

On the unfurling of the flag, the MacLeod forces were multiplied by ten. Pennant then declared that the flag was unfurled a third time to save his own life. He stated that the flag was by then so tattered that Titania did not seem to think it worth taking back. In the early part of the 20th century, Fred T.

MacLeod noted one manuscript written aroundwhich he considered to be the most detailed description of the flag. It dates to the s, however, it is thought to have been based upon earlier traditions.

Only the "highest and purest blood of the race" and the most renowned heroes, were selected to guard the flag when it was displayed. These twelve men, with a sword in hand, would stand just behind the chief who was always put in front.

One family produced the hereditary keepers of the flag; and of this family, only the eldest living male could unfurl the flag. This meant that when a newly deceased was placed within, the bones and dust of the previous occupant were sifted through the grate into the coffin below.

The writer of the manuscript stated that in the time of his own father, the last male of this family was interred this way. However, once the MacLeods of Lewis noticed that the flag had been unfurled, they switched sides to join forces with their kinsmen.

Unfortunately for both MacLeod clans, the outcome of the battle had already been determined and they were on the losing side. Among the vast numbers of MacLeods slain were Murcha Breac and the twelve guardians of the flag.

William Dubh is buried on the island of Iona with his predecessors, and the body of Murcha Breac is placed within the same tomb. The manuscript states that this was the greatest honour which could be bestowed upon his remains.

MacLeod suggested that the MacLeod effigy within Iona Abbey may mark the burial of the first chiefs of the clan, as well as William Dubh, and the mentioned standard bearer.

According to the Bannatyne manuscript, the Fairy Flag was also unfurled during the Battle of Glendalewhich the manuscript states to have been fought in about Location and Geography.

Canada is located in the northern portion of the continent of North America, extending, in general, from the 49th parallel northward to the islands of the Arctic Ocean.

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It often involves seeing Arab culture as exotic, backward, uncivilized, and at times dangerous. Edward W. "Orientalism” is a way of seeing that imagines, emphasizes, exaggerates and distorts differences of Arab peoples and cultures as compared to that of Europe and the U.S.

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21 Lost Gentleman Traditions That Still Apply Today