Astigmatic One Eye [Brian J. Many are free, others are not.
The mountain contained turquoise mines which were visited by repeated expeditions over years. Many of the workers and officials were from the Nile Deltaand included large numbers of Canaanites i.
They are crudely done, suggesting that the workers who made them were illiterate apart from this script. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.
March Traces of the 16 and 12 characters of the two Wadi el-Hol inscriptions. Photos here and here The Wadi el-Hol inscriptions Arabic: They are in a wadi in the Qena bend of the Nile, at approx. The inscriptions are graphically very similar to the Serabit inscriptions, but show a greater hieroglyphic influence, such as a glyph for a man that was apparently not read alphabetically: If the latter, h1 and h2 may be graphic variants such as two hieroglyphs both used to write the Canaanite word hillul "jubilation" rather than different consonants.
Hieroglyphs representing, reading left to right, celebration, a child, and dancing. The first appears to be the prototype for h1, while the latter two have been suggested as the prototype for h2. Inscribed on the pot are some big letters about an inch high of which only five are complete and traces of perhaps three additional letters written in Proto-Canaanite script.
In the 19th century there were scholars who subscribed to the theory of the Egyptian origin, while other theories held that the Phoenician script developed from the Akkadian cuneiformCretan linearCypriote syllabicand Hittite hieroglyphic scripts.
William Albright in the s and s published interpretations of Proto-Sinaitic as the key to show the derivation of the Canaanite alphabet from hieratic leading to the commonly accepted belief that the language of the inscriptions was Semitic and that the script had a hieratic prototype.
The Proto-Sinaitic inscriptions, along with the contemporary parallels found in Canaan and Wadi el-Hol, are thus hypothesized to show an intermediate step between Egyptian hieratic script and the Phoenician alphabet.
Brian Colless notes that 18 of the 22 letters of the Phoenician alphabet have counterparts in the Byblos syllabary, and it seems that the proto-alphabet evolved as a simplification of the syllabary, moving from syllabic to consonantal writing, in the style of the Egyptian script which did not normally indicate vowels ; this goes against the Goldwasser hypothesis that the original alphabet was invented by ignorant miners in Sinai.
According to the "alphabet theory", the early Semitic proto-alphabet reflected in the Proto-Sinaitic inscriptions would have given rise to both the South Arabian script and the Proto-Canaanite script by the time of the Bronze Age collapse — BCE. Synopsis[ edit ] Below is a table synoptically showing selected Proto-Sinaitic signs and the proposed correspondences with Phoenician letters.
Also shown are the sound values, names, and descendants of the Phoenician letters.Where graffiti is concerned, the writing truly is “on the wall”. It’s an annoyance, to be sure, but it’s also somewhat interesting – at least the gang-related graffiti, anyway. New Graffiti SA banner by Onlock.
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