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History[ edit ] Hundreds of graphic designs of animals by prehistoric social groups in the Chauvet Cavelocated in the south of France, which were created earlier than 30, BCE;  similar designs in the Lascaux cave of France completed earlier than 14, BCE;  designs left by hunters in the Bhimbetka rock shelters in India before 7, BCE;  Aboriginal rock art in the Kakadu National Park of Australia;  and many other rock or cave paintings in other parts of the world show that graphic art emerged very early in the development of prehistoric human cultures worldwide.
This history — along with that of writing, which had begun at least by the late 4th millennium BCE — together constitute the foundation of graphic design. Rock and cave art[ edit ] Drawing of horses in the Chauvet cave. Drawing of a horse in the Lascaux cave. A rock drawing in Bhimbetka India.
Trust no brother, know no friend, make no intimates. Medieval religious illuminated manuscripts extensively feature graphics. Among these books are the Gospel books of Insular artcreated in the monasteries of the British Isles. The graphics in these books reflect the influence of the Animal style associated with the " barbarian " peoples of Northern Europe, with much use of interlace and geometric decoration.
A page from Lindisfarne Gospelsc. Its illuminations include an elaborate initial page for the Gospel of Matthew and portraits of MatthewMark and Luke.
Late 8th century A graphic decoration in the Book of Kellsc. Muslim scribes used black ink and golden paper to write and draw, using an angled alphabet called Kuffi, or Kufi.
Such writings appeared in the 8th century and reached their apex in the 10th century. Later, decorations of the margins of pages, displaying a variety of graphic techniques, were added in order to beautify the book. In the 12th century, the Naskh alphabet was invented; it featured curves instead of the angled lines of Kufi script.
Calligraphy[ edit ] It has been suggested that calligraphy adds a mystical dimension to a text. Such mysticism appears to be consistent with the feeling that a religious text tries to convey. Many religious texts therefore have appeared in calligraphic editions, in order to evoke a spiritual feeling in the reader.
The Japanese used calligraphy to write their haikus on decorative banners. Playing cards[ edit ] It is believed that playing cards were invented in China. Different European countries adopted different suit systems. For instance, some Italian, Spanish and German decks of cards even today do not have queens.
The substitution of wood-block printing and hand coloring with copper-plate engraving during the 16th century was the next significant innovation in the manufacture of playing cards.
The mass printing of playing cards was revolutionized by the introduction of color lithography in the early 19th century.
Germans introduced wooden blocks printing The extinct Ancbacher Nuremberg design by F. German single-headed Schwerterkarte playing cards, by SA File: A northern Germany suit design of playing cards by ASS. German art nouveau playing cards printed in Attenburg, Russian playing cards with Mayan Image, s.Learn software, creative, and business skills to achieve your personal and professional goals.
Join today to get access to thousands of courses. - Graphic Design Any paper you pick up was put together using graphic design.
It is a very widely used art form incorporated into many different projects. The ultimate purpose is to communicate. NYFA's Visual Arts School provides hands-on visual arts education in filmmaking, 3D animation, photography, game design, cinematography, documentary filmmaking, & more.
Apply now! Graphics (from Greek γραφικός, graphikos) are visual statements committed to a surface, such as a wall, a canvas, pottery, a computer screen, paper, stone, even to the landscape timberdesignmag.com term "graphics" relates to the creation of signs, charts, logos, graphs, drawings, line art, symbols, geometric designs and so on.
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